Machining, Measurement, and Control Laboratory

Constant Engagement Tool Path Generation for Two-dimensional End Milling
Soichi Ibaraki (Kyoto University)
Daisaku Ikeda (Kyoto University)
Iwao Yamaji (Kyoto University)
Atsushi Matsubara (Kyoto University)
Yoishiaki Kakino (Kyoto University)
Susumu Nishida (Manufacturing Technology Institute, Inc.)

On a contour-parallel tool path that is often used in die/mold machining, there are many regions where the tool is subject to a significant variation of cutting forces. In a finishing process, such a variation of cutting forces easily causes the degradation of machining accuracy and surface finish. This paper proposes algorithms to generate offset tool paths that maintain a constant cutting engagement in a 2-1/2 dimensional end milling. By maintaining the cutting engagement angle constant, the cutting force can be regulated approximately constant, which significantly reduces the variation of tool deflection, and then improves the machining accuracy. The validity of the proposed tool path generation schemes is investigated by machining experiments on hardened steel.
Key Words:   End milling, tool path, offset, contour parallel paths, cutting engagement angle, cutting force.